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Abu'l Fath Jalalludin Mohammad Akbar

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Abu'l Fath Jalalludin Mohammad Akbar

Post by sandhya on 2013-12-07, 13:48

I have posted this in another thread. This is just in case if it is missed....

A random view of the various highlights of this  man whom we admire in the serial .

 Akbar,(born Oct. 15, 1542—died 1605),  was the greatest of the Mughal emperors of India, who reigned from 1556 to 1605 and who extended Mughal power over most of the Indian subcontinent. In order to preserve the unity of his empire, Akbar adopted programs that  were ahead of his times and won the loyalty of the non-Muslim populations of his realm. He reformed and strengthened his central administration and also centralized his financial system and reorganized tax-collection processes. Although he never renounced Islam, he took an active interest in other religions, persuading Hindus, Parsis, and Christians, as well as Muslims, to engage in religious discussion before him. Illiterate himself, he encouraged scholars, poets, painters, and musicians, making his court a centre of culture.

Here are a few of the reforms that may be dealt with in the serial in the days to come:

(1)  He abolished the Pilgrim Tax in 1563 with a view to winning over the good-will of theHindus. The Muslims opposed this act of the Emperor on the ground that it involved a huge loss to the royal treasury. Another argument was that as the Hindus had been paying the tax for a long time, the same was not inequitable. But Akbar preferred to lose annually a sum of Rupees one crore in order to win over the goodwill of the Hindus.


(2)  The next reform was the abolition of Jizya which was a tax on the "conscientious faith of any man." This measure went a long way in removing the deep-rooted bitterness in the minds of the Hindus against the Muslim rulers.


(3)  Akbar tried to remove the custom of Sati from the Hindus in general and the Rajputs in particular. Special inspectors were appointed to keep a watch on the voluntary or forced Sati. No woman was to be burnt against her will (1590-91).


(4)  Akbar discouraged child-marriages and the system of female infanticide. A law was made that no boy below the age of 16 and no girl below the age of 14 was to be married. Consent of the bride and bridegroom was made necessary for the performance of a marriage. By another law, it was provided that no son or daughter of a nobleman could be married without the ascertainment of their age by an official of the police.


Two officers called Turbegs were appointed in big towns to inquire into the circumstances of the bride and bridegroom. 


(5) If a Hindu was converted to Islam in his childhood, he was given the option to become a Hindu again if he so desired.


(6)  Akbar abolished the system of the enslavement of the wives and children of the conquered people. All persons in India were to be free.


(7) The Jagir system was abolished and all Jagirs were converted into Crownlands. The state became the owner of those lands and collected the revenues directly. The officers were to be paid salaries.


(8) Mir Arz was appointed to receive petition from the public and submit them to the Emperor.


(9)  Trial by ordeal was abolished.


(10) A record office was set up and the proceedings of the court were to be recorded.


(11)  Important changes were made in the organisation of the royal mint. Abdul Samad was appointed the mint master. Different officials were put incharge of the provincial mints of Bengal, Lahore, Jaunpur, Gujarat and Patna. Pure gold was used for coins and those were ofstandard weight. His coins were superior in weight accuracy, purity and artistry.


(12) And of course, his contribution to art and literature is ummatched. He created a huge library and had huge volumes written and translated in various languages. His court was always adorned by poets, architects and artisans. Tansen, Birbal, Abul Fazl and our own little Rahim Khanekhana (his poetry is a pleasure to read even now) are a few among the many.


(13)  His system of administration was unparalleled. He reorganized the various departments and regularized their functions.  The revenue, military and judiciary were well appointed and well paid, but he retained the ultimate say in all departments.


(14) With Todar Mal who was the revenue officer of Sher Shah Suri as well, he devised the Dashala system of tax collection that was based on fair and reasonable taxation based on the productivity of the land. 


(15)  His military and trade policies helped his empire triple in size and wealth.


(16)  He also introduced widow remarriage.


(16) Officers were appointed in accordance with their capability and loyalty irrespective of religion. 


There might have been many more. But Akbar was the Emperor who brought in pluralism and tolerance which formed the basics of the modern day Republic  India.( To us now this may all seem regular because we are accustomed to these ideals since childhood. But to bring in the change in a hard-set superstition filled society, Akbar must have had to face many obstacles and difficulties.) Truly, his rule was considered as RamRajya by even theHindus of that period. 


I only hope that the serial keeps the romance track and reforms track apart, except perhaps suggestive contributions from his three wonderful chief wives. Real credit for all his achievements should be given only to the exceptional Shahenshah who really ruled the hearts of his riyaya then and is still ruling even 500 years after.


PS: Other notable junctures in his history are:


 His conquest of the Rajputana that began with Amer and then Dhawalgarh continued and culminated with the victory over the Chittagorh(1567) and Ranthambore(1568) after which he built the city of Fatehpur Sikhri (1569) .It was the year that Salim was born as well(1569)


Akbar defenestrated Adham Khan for killing Atga Shamshuddin in (1962) (the year Jodha is married to Akbar- the serial is so far correct as per history). Maham Anga died soon after. Akbar constructed their tombs Bhul Bhulaiya north of Qutub Minar. It is said that her slave tried to kill Akbar (our Resham??) but failed in the attempt.



But after Jahangir, many of the reforms began to fade away, laws were diluted, the old-thinking re-established itself and old systems were practiced again.


 

Friends, if anybody can contribute more, enlighten about Akbar's other talents, achievements  and eminence, interesting incidents in his life, please share .

sandhya
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Re: Abu'l Fath Jalalludin Mohammad Akbar

Post by Manasvi on 2013-12-07, 14:04

Like someone posted in tis forum, how nice it would be if we could time travel. Would love to have seen this man in person. Shehenshah ka Iqbal Bulund Ho! We probably need suxh astute leaders in India today.

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Re: Abu'l Fath Jalalludin Mohammad Akbar

Post by Manasvi on 2013-12-07, 14:06

Sandhya ..I second what you highlighted in RED. Real credit for all his achievements should be given only to the exceptional Shahenshah who really ruled the hearts of his riyaya then and is still ruling even 500 years after. Jodha or no Jodha, he would have become Akbar. Take a bow Shehenshah!

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Re: Abu'l Fath Jalalludin Mohammad Akbar

Post by sandhya on 2013-12-08, 01:21

Manasvi wrote:Like someone posted in tis forum, how nice it would be if we could time travel. Would love to have seen this man in person. Shehenshah ka Iqbal Bulund Ho! We probably need suxh astute leaders in India today.
Thanx Manasvi for sharing the opinion

Such people are born once in a hundred years. We must thank Rajat for bringing such a terrific personality to life on screen so convincingly

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Re: Abu'l Fath Jalalludin Mohammad Akbar

Post by Manjit on 2013-12-08, 01:39

What would have happened HAD Maham not died ??

Would there still be a Jodha -Jalal leading to Salim ??

Would Jalal have been as popular as he is now??

Would his progressive reforms proceeded smoothly ??

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Re: Abu'l Fath Jalalludin Mohammad Akbar

Post by sandhya on 2013-12-08, 12:31

My answer would be YES.

Akbar has a tolerance limit for everyone and everything. He even rose against his Khan Baba, didn't he? He would have eventually sidelined MA. Sometimes, he fights and shatters obstacles and sometimes he circumvents them and achieves his ends. He did forgive Shariffuddin 3 times before vanquishing him.

Jodha or no Jodha, MA or no MA, obstacles or no obstacles, reform progression smooth or rough, he would have ultimately attained his goal. Diplomacy, relationships, brute force, brilliant thinking - he would have adopted any means to succeed.

He has been lucky in a few situations, like in the second battle of Panipat against Hemu, but his luck was in addition to his strength and brilliance. Anyway, fortune favours only the brave.

sandhya
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Re: Abu'l Fath Jalalludin Mohammad Akbar

Post by Manasvi on 2013-12-08, 13:11

Hey Sandhya, I think we are ardent admirers of Akbar. I am not sure what was the turning point for for the real Jalal to become a great astute administrator, warrior and ultimately Akbar. In the serial, I think it was Jodha's suicide mission that made him thinking. In the movie, it was depicted that Jodha asked him to go among his subjects to find out what was happening in his land and he found out that the Hindu pilgrims were being taxed. So not sure what exactly was the turning point for him in real. Any idea?

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Re: Abu'l Fath Jalalludin Mohammad Akbar

Post by sandhya on 2013-12-08, 13:51

I'm not sure Manasvi, but I don't think the real Akbar was ever a Jallad. That angle was just to spice up the story.When BK took decisions, Mughal rule was considered atrocious. But when Jalal took hold of reins, things smoothened out slowly. Akbar must have taken positive advices from everyone around him - Jodha, Atga, Ruqs, Todar Mal, Birbal, ManSingh, anyone in different proportions.  His growth was gradual. 

But if a serial or movie is shown like that, it would sound like a documentary. So we have to have to have a heroine who shows him the beacon of light. May be, the real Jodha did, or the real Ruqaiya did, influence him to a great deal. But I don't think any dramatic turning point is recorded in history or  even in folk-lore.

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Re: Abu'l Fath Jalalludin Mohammad Akbar

Post by Manasvi on 2013-12-08, 14:07

Thanks for the update, Sandhya. I am vey addicted to the serial and Rajat's screen presence and talent is to a very large extent responsible for it. To me, Rajat brings to life the real Akbar. I am totally transfixed and transported to the 16th century. No other TV serial has gotten me so tranfixed. Akbar's reign was considered 'Ram Rajya'. Akbar's insight and intelligence inspite of not knowing how to read/write has totally left me spell bound.. To pin point the episodes that stood out so far and made me so addicted to this show... a) Trip to Ajmer Shariff where Rajat looked absolutely divine with the lavendar turban and the happenings at Ajmer Shariff b) The Kali maa temple in Amer where he bowed before Kaali maa and completed Jodha's mannat c) Handing over of the Ratanpur kila to Sukanya as a gift d) Getting to the root cause of Jodha's fake pregnancy as deep down he trusted her. Eagerly waiting to see how he solves the child marriage issue and hoping to see such stellar episodes in the future. God bless Rajat Tokas and the rest of the cast and crew and Ekta Kapoor for giving us such a splendid experience. Kudos!

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Re: Abu'l Fath Jalalludin Mohammad Akbar

Post by --sumana13-- on 2013-12-08, 20:17

What an awesome thread girls ....
Every post here has so much knowledge .... Thanks for sharing Sandhya and Manasvi

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Re: Abu'l Fath Jalalludin Mohammad Akbar

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